Religion in the eighteenth century presents a very complex picture. Although the period is often associated with literature that was critical of religion, the eighteenth century also saw religion proselytized on a global scale and a significant evangelical revival. The translation of the Book of Common Prayer is shown here in three different languages: Latin, Scottish Gaelic, and Mohawk. The choice of Latin and Gaelic translations raises interesting questions about the politicization of language in this period while the Mohawk version also provides an outstanding example of roman orthography - linguistic translation into an unwritten language using roman characters. Translation could also form a conscious strategy for religious conversion. The eighteenth century was also a period that saw a renewed stress on orthodoxy and a serious engagement and experience with non-Christian religions.

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