Industrial Architecture Montreal 



  Redpath Sugar Refinery

1720, rue du Canal;

Former Name: Canada Sugar Refinery
Architect: Ostell, John
Building Type: refinery
Begun: 1854
Completed: 1856
Alterations: 1871, 1879, 1892, 1908, 1912, 1925
Alteration Architect: George A. Drummond (1871)
Demolished: 1982
Note: Construction began on the refinery in 1854. In 1871, George Drummond, manager of the refinery, designed and built a new wing east of the existing buildings. After closing in 1876 due to a depression, the refinery reopened in 1879 and began expansion and modernisation of its facilities. A new refinery was built in 1892 and in 1908 the original refinery was torn down and a new six-story building was constructed on the old building's foundations. A seven story building was added in 1912 and a new boiler house and packing building built in 1925. The refinery closed in 1979 and in 1982 the site was subject to partial demolition. In 1999 controversy arose over proposals to convert refinery into condominiums.


View, looking east, from St-Gabriel Lock (1999)
View, looking east, from the canal's north shore (1999)
View of Redpath building and St-Gabriel Lock, with the Five Roses plant visible in the background (1999)
Illustration of the refinery from 1904; from Montreal: The Commercial Metropolis of Canada and the History of the Gazette 1778-1907 (Montreal: Gazette Printing, 1907), 216.
View, looking west, at former office buildings (1999)


"The Redpath Launch/Coup d'envoi pour la Redpath." . The Canal Express/L'Express du canal, 1:3, 1998: 1,3
Visuals: interior photo.
Note: Information on restoration plans.

Archemi. Inventaire et évaluation des ressources culturelles Canal de Lachine. Montréal: Parcs Canada, 1995. : 481-6
Location: Centre de documentation. Parcs Canada- secteur de Lachine.
Visuals: exterior photos.

Cantin, Philippe. "1, avenue du Port." . La Presse, 20 octobre 1999,: A5

Cardinal, François. "Des condos dans la raffinerie Redpath: Le promoteur aura les opposants dans les pattes." . Le Devoir, 20 octobre 1999,: A6

Cardinal, François. "La Coalition urgence Redpath a perdu espoir." . Le Devoir, 19 octobre 1999,: A10

Cardinal, François. "Des defauts dans la démocratie montréalaise." . Le Devoir, 16 octobre 1999,: A8

Cardinal, François. "Des locaux dans la Redpath?" . Le Devoir, 7 octobre 1999,: A5

Cardinal, François. "Le fédéral dans l'usine Redpath." . Le Devoir, 6 octobre 1999,: A12

Centre canadien d'architecture. An Industrial Landscape observed: the Lachine Canal, 14 July to 25 October 1992. Montréal: Canadian Centre for Architecture=Centre canadien d'architecture, 1992. .
Visuals: interior photos, exterior photos.

Desjardins, Pauline and François Bélanger. Etude pour planification d'un inventaire archéologique Complexe de la Redpath Sugar. Montréal: Ville de Montréal, Service de l'urbanisme; Archemi, 1998. .
Location: Centre de documentation. Parcs Canada- secteur de Lachine.
Note: A comprehensive study of the Redpath complex, includes many photos, historic maps, and an archaelogical survey.

Faucher et al. Canal de Lachine et ses abords: Étude de zone prioritaire sur la mise en valeur du patrimoine. Montréal: Ville de Montréal, Service de l'habitation et du developpement urbain, 1991. .
Visuals: exterior photo.

Feltoe, Richard. Redpath: The History of a Sugar House. Toronto: Natural Heritage/Natural History Inc., 1991. .
Visuals: exterior renderings, site plan, interior photo, aerial view, exterior photos, advertisements.

Feltoe, Richard. Let Redpath Sweeten It. Toronto: Natural Heritage/Natural History Inc., 1993. .

Gravel, Pierre. "Des questions sans réponse." . La Presse, 13 juillet 1999,: B2

Gyulai, Linda. "Showdown at city hall: Foes of proposed Redpath Refinery condo project will get their say at council meeting next week." . Montreal Gazette, 28 Sept. 1999,: A3

Gyulai, Linda. "Redpath condo-builders gets $3 million in grants." . Montreal Gazette, 8 July 1999,: A8

Laguë, Jean., Willa Burgess, and Mark London. Proposal: Canal de Lachine, Ecluses St-Gabriel. Montréal: Héritage Montréal, 1985. : 17-19
Visuals: exterior photos, exterior renderings, aerial view.

Lambert, Phyllis. "Redpath architect left remarkable legacy: It would be wrong to allow his historic refinery to be made into residential condos." . Montreal Gazette, 7 Aug. 1999: B5

Lambert, Phyllis. "La Redpath, l'architecture et l'histoire industrielles de Montréal." . La Presse, 7 août 1999,: B7

Lambert, Phyllis. "Raffinerie de sucre Redpath: Un bâtiment qui se distingue par son histoire." . Le Devoir, 15 juillet 1999,: A7

Lamothe, Josee, and Linda Cohen. "Redpath refinery's future is up for grabs; Mixed use redevelopment could save historic complex." . Montreal Gazette, 27 Nov. 1993: I5
Visuals: exterior elevation.

Lévesque, Kathleen. "Projet immobilier pour la Redpath." . Le Devoir, 2 juillet 1999,: A3

Mainville, Michael. "Disputed Redpath project gets council OK." . Montreal Gazette, 20 Oct. 1999,: A5

Mainville, Michael. "Condos get the go-ahead: Redpath zoning changed." . Montreal Gazette, 13 Oct. 1999,: A5

Mainville, Michael. "Feds sweet on Redpath project: MP says they're looking to rent space in sugar-refinery development." . Montreal Gazette, 6 Oct. 1999,: F12

Ouimet, Michèle. "Plusiers bavures ont terni l'image de Montréal." . La Presse, 27 décembre 1999,: A8

Roy, Jean-Hugues. "Tags, pièces, throwups." . Voir, 6 avril 1995: 6

Ruddick, Susan and Luba Serge. Redpath Sugar building: Potential for Reuse as Housing. Montréal: Héritage Montréal; Société d'intervention de Pointe St-Charles, 1983. .

Sicotte, Anne-Marie and Rene Theriault. The Lachine Canal Historical Guide. Montréal: Association Les Mil Lieues, 1987. : 29

Theodore, David. "Sweet deal for Redpath?: Architecturally, a condo project in sugar-refinery complex makes sense." . Montreal Gazette, 24 Jul. 1999: H1
Visuals: exterior rendering of proposed renovation, rendering from 1852.


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